L antico regime e la rivoluzione L Antico regime e la Rivoluzione si basa su di una ricerca molto approfondita mai effettuata prima dei documenti amministrativi e pubblicistici della Francia del secolo XVIII Con un esposizione di e

  • Title: L'antico regime e la rivoluzione
  • Author: Alexis de Tocqueville
  • ISBN: 9788817166911
  • Page: 185
  • Format: Paperback
  • L Antico regime e la Rivoluzione si basa su di una ricerca molto approfondita, mai effettuata prima, dei documenti amministrativi e pubblicistici della Francia del secolo XVIII Con un esposizione di eccezionale chiarezza e notevole acume critico, Tocqueville, allora molto noto come saggista e uomo politico, mette in luce non solo il sistema di governo dell assolutismo f L Antico regime e la Rivoluzione si basa su di una ricerca molto approfondita, mai effettuata prima, dei documenti amministrativi e pubblicistici della Francia del secolo XVIII Con un esposizione di eccezionale chiarezza e notevole acume critico, Tocqueville, allora molto noto come saggista e uomo politico, mette in luce non solo il sistema di governo dell assolutismo francese, ma anche, e soprattutto, la struttura di classe della Francia prerivoluzionaria minata da profonde contraddizioni interne.

    • L'antico regime e la rivoluzione « Alexis de Tocqueville
      185 Alexis de Tocqueville
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      Published :2019-09-07T00:04:18+00:00

    About "Alexis de Tocqueville"

    1. Alexis de Tocqueville

      Alexis Charles Henri Cl rel de Tocqueville July 29, 1805 April 16, 1859 was a French political thinker and historian best known for his Democracy in America appearing in two volumes 1835 and 1840 and The Old Regime and the Revolution 1856 In both of these works, he explored the effects of the rising equality of social conditions on the individual and the state in western societies.Democracy in America 1835 , his major work, published after his travels in the United States, is today considered an early work of sociology and political science An eminent representative of the classical liberal political tradition, Tocqueville was an active participant in French politics, first under the July Monarchy 1830 1848 and then during the Second Republic 1849 1851 which succeeded to the February 1848 Revolution He retired from political life after Louis Napol on Bonaparte s December 2, 1851 coup, and thereafter began work on The Old Regime and the Revolution, Volume I After obtaining a law degree, Alexis de Tocqueville was named auditor magistrate at the court of Versailles There, he met Gustave de Beaumont, a prosecutor substitute, who collaborated with him on various literary works Both were sent to the United States to study the penitentiary system During this trip, they wrote Du syst me p nitentiaire aux Etats Unis et de son application 1832 Back in France, Tocqueville became a lawyer He met the English economist Nassau William Senior in 1833, and they became good friends and corresponded for many years 1 He published his master work, De la d mocratie en Am rique, in 1835 The success of this work, an early model for the science that would become known as sociology, led him to be named chevalier de la L gion d honneur Knight of the Legion of Honour in 1837, and to be elected the next year to the Acad mie des sciences morales et politiques In 1841 he was elected to the Acad mie fran aise.Tocqueville, who despised the July Monarchy 1830 1848 , began his political career in the same period Thus, he became deputy of the Manche department Valognes , a position which he maintained until 1851 In parliament, he defended abolitionist views and upheld free trade, while supporting the colonization of Algeria carried on by Louis Philippe s regime Tocqueville was also elected general counsellor of the Manche in 1842, and became the president of the department s conseil g n ral between 1849 and 1851.Apart from Canada, Tocqueville also made an observational tour of England, producing Memoir on Pauperism In 1841 and 1846, he traveled to Algeria His first travel inspired his Travail sur l Alg rie, in which he criticized the French model of colonization, based on an assimilationist view, preferring instead the British model of indirect rule, which did not mix different populations together He went as far as openly advocating racial segregation between the European colonists and the Arabs through the implementation of two different legislative systems a half century before its effective implementation with the 1881 Indigenous code.After the fall of the July Monarchy during the February 1848 Revolution, Tocqueville was elected a member of the Constituent Assembly of 1848, where he became a member of the Commission charged with the drafting of the new Constitution of the Second Republic 1848 1851 He defended bicameralism two parliamentary chambers and the election of the President of the Republic by universal suffrage As the countryside was thought to be conservative than the laboring population of Paris, universal suffrage was conceived as a means to block the revolutionary spirit of Paris.During the Second Republic, Tocqueville sided with the parti de l Ordre against the socialists and workers A few days after the February insurrection, he believed a violent clash between the workers population agitating in favor of a Democratic and Social Republic and

    113 thoughts on “L'antico regime e la rivoluzione”

    1. To those who study it as an isolated phenomenon the French Revolution can but seem a dark and sinister enigma; only when we view it in the light of the events preceding it can we grasp its true significance. And, similarly, without a clear idea of the old order, its laws, its vices, its prejudices, its shortcomings, and its greatness, it is impossible to comprehend the history of the sixty years following its fall. (p227)The Old Regime and the French Revolution, written in 1856, is a short book [...]

    2. Tocqueville is now a cornerstone in American political science, not least for his first study of American society, Democracy in America. That titanic study is remarkable for its apt characterization of American society. But I actually started reading this book for other reasons - not just from my interest in political history. Yesterday, I read an article by Dr. Joseph Fewsmith on Tocqueville's sudden popularity in China. The book was recommended by a prominent economist in the reform era, and b [...]

    3. Alexis de Tocqueville is most well-known for his book Democracy in America, published in two volumes that were released in 1835 and 1840. Sixteen years later he turned his attention to the task of divining the root causes of his own nation's upheaval. The French Revolution required a leveling eye; its truths having been twisted, as they so often are, into convenient justifications for (or against) post-Revolution policy reform. But more than this, de Tocqueville recognized how compelling it was [...]

    4. Certainly one of the very greatest works of political philosophy, in some ways better than Democracy in America. Tocqueville was fascinated by the phenomenon of social equality after centuries of feudalism, and he goes so far as to say that the outward political revolutions and charters of the new post Enlightenment order were already essentially complete, as social conditions, before these revolutions ever took place. The preparation for the French Revolution was simply that "men (notice: men) [...]

    5. الکسی دو توکویل در اوایل قرن نوزدهم به دنیا آمده و در اواسط این قرن فوت کرده. گویا سیاستمدار هم بوده و منصب وزارت خارجه را مدتی در دست داشته. تا جایی که من متوجه شدم دو کتاب مهم دارد. یکی همین کتابی که نام بردم و دیگری «دموکراسی در آمریکا». نکته ای که در خواندن این کتاب به ذهن من ر [...]

    6. Tocqueville is most known for his "Democracy in America", and I find it unfortunate that this work languishes in its shadow, as it truly is a wonderful work of political science. Tocqueville had managed to create a fresh examination of the Revolution while it was still in living memory. Indeed, coming for a noble background whose family was victimized by the Terror, and a friend of Legitimists or Ultraroyalists, Tocqueville manages to be a neutral perspective on a controversial event that was st [...]

    7. As Marxism is receding from respectability, de Tocqueville's stature is growing even in France where his very bourgeois outlook and anglophile leanings have often made him extremely unpopular.De Tocqueville's conclusion and logic are quite simple. It is highly dangerous for a corrupt regime to try to reform itself because the only thing holding it together is the self-interest of all those unscrupulously profiting from the injustices of the regime. When a reformer emerges in the ruling elite, he [...]

    8. غير أنه عندما كان قد تم تدمير أو إضعاف هذا الجيل القوي الذي كان قد بدأ" الثورة، مثلما يحدث عادة لكل جيل يبدأ مثل هذه المشروعات، عندها ووفقا للمجري الطبيعي جرى تثبيط حب الحرية وإضعافه وسط الفوضى والديكتاتورية الشعبية، وعندما بدأت الأمة المضطربة البحث عن سيدها، وجدت الحكومة ا [...]

    9. The book analyzes French society before the French Revolution, investigates the causes and forces that brought about the Revolution, develops his main theory about continuity in which he states that even though the French tried to disassociate themselves from the past and from the old regime; they continued with the same powerful central government. It was essentially a movement for political and social reform to increase the power and jurisdiction of the central authority. The Revolution never [...]

    10. Tocqueville realizou uma verdadeira pesquisa com fontes provenientes das instituições públicas do Antigo Regime francês, algumas remontando até ao reinado de Luís XIV (quase 150 anos antes), incluindo actos, petições e requisições públicas de poder local (paróquias) até ao central (governo de Paris), passando pelo provincial. Através destes exemplos, Tocqueville explica como as instituições presentes na França revolucionária já existiam em forma e substância, durante o Antigo [...]

    11. There really is no excuse for only reading Tocqueville's Democracy in America. The Ancien Régime is one of Tocqueville's best works. It analyzes the spirit of the French Revolution very accurately, although the factual information is not always correct (when he states France was affluent during the reign of Louis XIV).

    12. This book was recommended to me by Christophe Chamley, a French professor of mine, who recommended it as his favorite on political economy. He ranked it much higher than Democracy in America, which I am yet to read. However, I strongly suspect that this is due to his own cultural predispositions. 'The Ancient Regime' ends with a thrilling pseudo-paean to the French people who he describes as "today the declared enemy of all obedience, tomorrow devoting to servitude a kind of passion which nation [...]

    13. Book One of Alexis de Tocqueville’s work was published in 1856, Book Two shortly thereafter, and in this combined work the historian and political philosopher expounded his understanding of the nature of France before the Revolution in 1789, of the trajectory of the Revolution itself, and of the result over the decades subsequent to it. At the very beginning of the book Tocqueville stresses that his is not a history per se but rather an assessment and evaluation. His emphasis is always on cont [...]

    14. What I got from this book (main points on top of my head):- French Revolution is overrated- The guys who spearheaded the revolution didn't have a clue of what's going on in French politics- Not much changes took place contrary to popular thinking- Things were actually getting better, but the French took advantage of a government lapse- How the all irritable French bureaucracy is born - Why France is secular- etcThis book helped me figure out the French a little more, and so speaking it's a worth [...]

    15. While it is not 'Democracy in America' (though I have never read the unabridged version of that work) it is very good. His analysis seems to coincide with Schama's at key points, such as that the Revolution was not caused so much by a stodgy system as too much change within a system that could not really contain it. Also illuminating was his theme that the Revolution was a reversion to familiar patterns of government set by Louis XIV, as opposed to the more progressive, though somewhat bumbling [...]

    16. In The Ancien Régime and the Revolution, Tocqueville investigates the conditions within the political system of the ancien régime that led to the Revolution. He has done an impressive amount of research for the book, not only by reading the pertinent eighteenth century literature, but also by trawling through public documents of every kind, looking into the reports of the Estates and the provincial assemblies, as well as the registers of grievances (cahiers) of the different electoral district [...]

    17. This book basically tries to analyze and to some extent, answer two vital questions that will catch the attention of anyone in power:1) Does the discontent of the populace actually have anything to do with economic development? If so, is it a positive or negative correlation? Why, as Tocqueville wondered, didn't the French Revolution take place during the worst financial years? Why didn't the Revolution take place in poor and underdeveloped rural areas, but instead it happened right in the heart [...]

    18. A classic. An interesting look at the striking similarities between the Ancien Regime and French Revolution by Tocqueville. In this book, written in the 1850s, Tocqueville supports the argument that the Revolution was an inevitable conclusion to the drastic changes experienced by French society during the late 1700s. He makes a compelling case for why France alone was the only nation where such a revolution could have occur, drawing evidence from social, economic and political structures that ex [...]

    19. So insightful!As to China, I am afraid that she is not in the time equal to that leading up to the French Revolution. That stage has gone. China is still swaying (sometime furiously) between liberty and totalitarianism, long before coming to the end with a nation constituted of all Chinese people.What is the old regime? A comment thought is that the old regime refers to the king, the nobility, and the clerical class. In my view, the old regime is everything inherited from the French history, eve [...]

    20. Having examined the US political system, De Toqueville set out to understand the most tumultuous event of his lifetime, the French Revolution. This was intended to be part of a series but sadly, he died before it could be completed. Its confusing in places but that probably owes more to the convoluted state of the French nation. Just as in Democracy in America, he is honest about the failings of any system along with its qualities and his love of freedom shines through. Not an easy read but the [...]

    21. У книжці описано ситуацію у Франції перед Революцією. Автор робить акценти на економіку та соціальний стан населення. Висновок його дослідження фактично вказує на те, що реальних підстав для революції у державі не було.

    22. Very insightful if slightly dry analysis of the causes of the French revolution. Shows you how many things that were thought to be offsprings of the Revolution were actually created before, under the French monarchy.

    23. Tocqueville is an excellent writer (possibly just a great translator, but I'll give him the benefit of the doubt). The book is an examination of French Society leading up to the French Revolution, based on his premise that to understand France post-revolution, you have to understand France pre-revolution. This was history that I was unfamiliar with, so I learned a lot. And since this is Tocqueville, he offers his trenchant interpretations along the way. The political theory is more anecdotal and [...]

    24. من أعظم ما قرأت عن تحليل له منهجيةاجتماعية واضحة للثورات ونابعة من واقع محلي للغاية وحقيقي للغاية دون تنميط أو تجريد للأفكار والنظريات . جهد ضخم وحس أدبي رائع من الكاتب العبقري أليكسي دو توكفيل ._______________________هذا كتاب عظيم ، أعتقد انه من أهم الكتب التي قرأتها على الإطلاق ألكسي [...]

    25. In The Old Regime and The Revolution, Alexis de Toqueville draws account of the state of things, people and laws, preceding the revolution, and how they lead to it and what came afterwards. The book is structured in chapters that follow the logic of first, answering why the revolution happened, and why it happened in France, second, showing what exactly in the order of society brought it and third, how revolutionary it actually was. The Toqueville Paradox, which he manages to argue, is that the [...]

    26. Rarement un livre ne m'aura autant éclairé sur mon propre pays, dont il est malaisé de comprendre l’esprit sans connaissances pratique de la justice, des lois et de l’administration, dont l’industrieuse étude s’accorde difficilement avec de courts loisirs. Si les parallèles avec l’étranger peuvent par le contraste des succès et des extravagances apporter quelques lumières au sujet, c’est surtout le secours de l’histoire qui fait apparaître le plus nettement l’enchaîneme [...]

    27. 4.5This book gave me a lot of valuable information about the French Revolution and the Old Regime. I was primarily reading this book for the sake of learning about the French Revolution for my history project and I thought that it would be more focused on that, but instead, I got a lot of the Old Regime, which was interesting and useful, but not quite what I was looking for, hence the doffing of .5 stars.Alexis de Tocqueville writes in a way that is pretty easy to understand. The translation tha [...]

    28. تمثل الثورة الفرنسية نقطة تحول رئيسة في مجرى التاريخ و الفكر الأنساني عموماً،ومن ثم فلا بد لكل مهتم بفهم الواقع العالمي المعاصر من فهم تلك الثورة من حيث أسبابها و ألياتها و نتائجها.يعرض دو تكفيل في كتابه هذا لتشريح النظام القديم السابق على قيام الثورة مقدماً فرضية مثيرة:أن أ [...]

    29. So I always had a feeling that I would like de Tocqueville. I am not so much of a historian that I want to get into the finer points of his argument; as in all things related to 18th century France and my little project I am just looking to get a feel. But I am struck, as I have been in many ways since undertaking my little exploration, at just how many aspects of this time and place seem to resonate with me here and now. We have not come as far as I thought." . . . experience teaches us that th [...]

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